Some scientific aspects of consideration related to forest bathing


The biophilia hypothesis suggests that humans possess an innate tendency to seek connections with nature and other forms of life.



Ecopsychology studies the relationship between human beings and the natural world through ecological and psychological principles.


Environmental Psychology

Environmental psychology is an interdisciplinary field that focuses on the interplay between individuals and their surroundings. 


Ecotherapy/Nature Therapy 

Nature therapy, sometimes referred to as ecotherapy, describes a broad group of techniques or treatments with the intention of improving an individual’s mental or physical health, specifically with an individual’s presence within nature or outdoor surroundings. 



Biocentrism is an ethical and ecological point of view that extends inherent value to all living things through an understanding of how the earth works, particularly as it relates to biodiversity.



Stewardship is a belief that humans hold responsibility for the world, and should take care of it.


Gaia Philosophy 

Gaia philosophy is a broadly inclusive term for related concepts that living organisms on a planet will affect the nature of their environment in order to make the environment more suitable for life.  



The biosphere  also known as the ecosphere, is the worldwide sum of all ecosystems.



A biome is a community of plants and animals that have common characteristics for the environment they exist in. 



A biocoenosis describes the interacting organisms living together in a habitat (biotope). 



A biotope is an area of uniform environmental conditions providing a living space for a specific assemblage of plants and animals. 


Green Exercise 

Green exercise refers to physical exercise undertaken in natural environments. 


Nature Connectedness 

Nature connectedness is the extent to which individuals include nature as part of their identity.



Biomimetics or biomimicry is the imitation of the models, systems, and elements of nature for the purpose of solving complex human problems.


Spiritual Ecology 

Spiritual Ecology is an emerging field in religion, conservation and ecology, recognising that there is a spiritual facet to conservatism, stewardship and environmentalism. 


Nature Deficiency Disorder 

Nature deficit disorder is the idea that human beings are spending less time outdoors, and the belief that this change results in behavioural problems, particularly in children and teenagers.


A Forest Bathing Glossary

Each of these elements form the basis of understanding for the validation of forest bathing as a clinical application.


The 54 Senses and Sensibilities

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